'no' or 'none', and ale "all" can express an infinite or immense amount. For this reason, they may be called "proper adjectives" or simply “proper words” instead of “proper nouns”. A review of Sonja Kisa's constructed language Toki Pona", "A new era in the history of language invention", "Constructed languages in the whirlwind of the digital revolution", "Still Hoping: The Relation of International Auxiliary Languages to Worldview and Perception", "Join the ma pona pi toki pona Discord Server! [4] It has been described as "a hieroglyphic-like script that makes use of squiggles and other childlike shapes"[20] (see list of sitelen pona glyphs). Why not share this page: If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It was created by Canadian linguist and translator Sonja Lang[1] for the purpose of simplifying thoughts and communication. toki musi o, sina jan pona mi wan taso. [2][14], Proper nouns are usually converted into Toki Pona proper adjectives using a set of guidelines. [14], In 2008 an application for an ISO 639-3 code was rejected, with a statement that the language was too young. [3], The statistical vowel spread is fairly typical when compared with other languages. (lit. [9] Like a pidgin, it focuses on simple concepts and elements that are universal among cultures. [citation needed] Jokelangs Thus, England or English become Inli and John becomes San. I must destroy. The simplest number system uses these five roots to express any amount necessary. ", "Canadian has people talking about lingo she created", "In their own words – literally / Babel's modern architects", "Коротко и ясно. moo! meow! The former, in which each word is represented by a symbol, was devised as an alternative by Lang herself. [12], Although it was not intended as an international auxiliary language,[11] people from all around the world use it for communication.[1]. However, the changes in pronunciation required by the simple phonetic system often make the origins of other words more difficult to see. Appendix:Vocabulary lists; Wiktionary:Index to appendices; External links []. o lawa ala e mi tawa ike. International Linguistics Olympiad official website. 'Lisa person'). house, home, room, building, conflict, disharmony, competition, fight, war, battle, attack, blow, argument, physical or verbal violence, energetic, strong, fierce, intense, sure, confident, to want, need, wish, have to, must, will, should, Toki Pona is a constructed language by Sonja Lang, vt: verb, transitive (normally used with e), *: unofficial, not in the official dictionary or heavily differs from it. World languages. mi wile ala e ni: mi mute li lon ma ante mute". I'll expain what Toki Pona is after I come back. Despite the small vocabulary, speakers are able to understand and communicate with each other, mainly relying on context and combinations of several words to express more specific meanings. See also []. Now, I shall explain what Toki Pona is. [2], The following sequences are not allowed: */ji, wu, wo, ti/, nor may a syllable's final nasal occur before /m/ or /n/ in the same root. Darkness fills my soul. [27] Later, the pronoun ona replaced iki (he, she, it, they), which was sometimes confused with ike (bad).[25]. jan ali li kepeken e toki sama. Bye! There are three important ways to approach the toki pona lexicon: the classic wordlist, the official wiki, the corpus. If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. ijo li moku e mi. [15] Another request was rejected in 2018 as the language "does not appear to be used in a variety of domains nor for communication within a community which includes all ages". Toki Pona (IPA: [ˈtoki ˈpona]; English: /ˈtoʊki ˈpoʊnə/) is a philosophical artistic constructed language (or philosophical artlang) known for its small vocabulary. The consonant is obligatory in syllables that are not word-initial. [3][4] A small community of speakers developed in the early 2000s. It has over 2000 members as of October 2020. I'm gonna work on a series of video lessons for Toki Pona. Therefore, ona can mean "he", "she", "it", or "they". sewi pi tomo palisa li lon sewi kon. My only friend. (cute animal noise), fun, playing, game, recreation, art, entertainment, many, several, very, much, a lot, abundant, numerous, more, spice, something extra, food additive, accessory, silly, crazy, foolish, drunk, strange, stupid, weird, way, manner, custom, road, path, doctrine, system, method, blunder, accident, mistake, destruction, damage, breaking, screw up, fuck up, botch, ruin, break, hurt, injure, damage, bungle, spoil, ruin, long, mostly hard object, e.g. There are two ways to form yes-no questions in Toki Pona. Person is indicated by the subject of the verb; time is indicated through context or by a temporal adverb in the sentence. [2] In 2007, Lang reportedly said that at least 100 people speak Toki Pona fluently and estimated that a few hundred have a basic knowledge of the language. [2] Essentially identical concepts can be described by different words as the choice relies on the speaker's perception and experience. The Woods & The Library.--Series nasin. [10][22] The word li introduces predicates, e introduces direct objects, prepositional phrases follow the objects, and la phrases come before the subject to add additional context. [10] Therefore, soweli utala, lit. jan ali li kama lon nasin ni: ona li ken tawa li ken pali. jan ali li kama lon sama. There are no diphthongs, contrasting vowel length, consonant clusters (except those starting with the nasal coda), or tones. However, it was not created to be an international auxiliary language. [16], Toki Pona was the subject of some scientific works,[2] and it has also been used for artificial intelligence and software tools,[14] as well as a therapeutic method for eliminating negative thinking by having patients keep track of their thoughts in the language. ooh! A sentence may be an interjection, statement, wish/command, or question. tenpo ni la, tenpo pi moli mi mute la, mi wile pakala. The language is used mainly online on social media, in forums, and other groups. It was created by Canadian linguist and translator Sonja Lang for the purpose of simplifying thoughts and communication. [14], Some roots are grammatical particles, while others have lexical meanings. [17], Toki Pona has nine consonants (/p, t, k, s, m, n, l, j, w/) and five vowels (/a, e, i, o, u/),[2][5] shown here with the International Phonetic Alphabet symbols. ma sina o kama. Numbers in other languages. oh! For example, nena replaced kapa (protuberance) early in the language's development for unknown reasons. jan sewi Jawe li toki e ni: "jan li lon ma wan li kepeken e toki sama li pali e tomo palisa. aw! The difficulty of using this system along with its appealing design is a way for people to slow down and explore how not only the language but also the method of communication can influence thinking. Most signs are performed with the right hand at the required location. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Toki_Pona&oldid=1002189063, Constructed languages introduced in the 2000s, Short description is different from Wikidata, Languages with neither ISO nor Glottolog code, Articles containing Tok Pisin-language text, Articles containing Esperanto-language text, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 07:00. V and CVN syllables are each around 10%, while only 5 words have VN syllables (for 2% of syllables). mi mute o pali e kiwen. For example, jan pona can mean "friend", although it translates to lit. I decided to do it on Viesa, my English code. The latter system, sitelen sitelen, was created by Jonathan Gabel. Similarly, ali was added as an alternative to ale (all) to avoid confusion with ala (no, not) among people who reduce unstressed vowels, though both forms are still used. I'm back now, and I decided not to do it on Toki Pona, since many other people have done Toki Pona video lessons already. And Darkness shall reign forevermore. telo pimeja ni li telo loje mi, li ale mi. For example, names of people and places are used as modifiers of the common roots for "person" and "place", e.g. [4][21], Individuals from the community have also adapted many other scripts to write Toki Pona. [7][9], Many of these derivations are transparent. It focuses on simple universal concepts, making use of very little to express the most. rod, stick, branch, cereal, grain, barley, corn, oat, rice, wheat, bread, pasta, give, put, send, place, release, emit, cause, good, simple, positive, nice, correct, right, buying and interacting with the official Toki Pona book, to apply (the official Toki Pona book) to…, to buy and to read (the official Toki Pona book), same, similar, equal, of equal status or position, outside, surface, skin, shell, bark, shape, peel, knowledge, wisdom, intelligence, understanding, animal, especially land mammal, lovable animal, horizontal surface, e.g furniture, table, chair, pillow, floor, time, period of time, moment, duration, situation, indoor constructed space, e.g. I am devoured. [3], Toki Pona has five root words for colors: pimeja (black), walo (white), loje (red), jelo (yellow), and laso (blue and green). [2], Toki Pona does not use isolated proper nouns; instead, they must modify a preceding noun. 'all') to signify "100". In the book, the meanings were later merged into lukin, oko being the alternative. [2], Toki Pona does not inflect verbs according to person, tense, mood, or voice, as the language features no inflection whatsoever. [27], Besides nena and ona, which replaced existing roots, a few roots were added to the original 118: pan (grain, bread, pasta, rice), esun (market, shop, trade), alasa (hunt, gather), and namako (extra, additional, spice), another word for sin (new). Search in english and Toki Pona. 10 Toki Pona: A minimal language with just 14 phonemes and 120 root words First published online in 2001, it was designed by translator and linguist Sonja Lang of Toronto as a minimal language, focusing on simple concepts and elements that are relatively universal among cultures. It was first published online in 2001 as a draft,[2] and later in complete form in the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good in 2014. jan li toki e ni: "o kama! A simple Toki Pona Dictionary. 'or what?') [2], 14 Latin letters, a e i j k l m n o p s t u w, are used to write the language. n non-cute ... oth-th (ordinal numbers) nasa. [2], Prepositions are used in the predicate in place of a regular verb. jan o pali e wile sina lon sewi kon en lon ma. [2], Because of its small phoneme inventory, Toki Pona allows for quite a lot of allophonic variation. nimi pi mi mute o kama suli! Symbols representing a single adjective may be written inside or above the symbol for the preceding word that they modify. Capital initials are used to mark proper adjectives, while Toki Pona roots are always written with lowercase letters, even when they start a sentence.[2][9]. Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights[38]. tenpo ale la pimeja li lon. The native, or even colloquial, pronunciation is used as the basis for the subsequent sound conversion. [26], Some words have obsolete synonyms. Part 7 of Spectral Extrema; Language: English Words: 1,206 Chapters: 1/1 Collections: 2 Comments: 2 Kudos: 2 Hits: 128 ma tomo Pape[39] (The Tower of Babel story, translated by Bryant J. Knight, 2005). This ink is my blood, is my life. [30][31] For a short time there was a Wikipedia written in Toki Pona (called lipu Wikipesija). jan sewi Jawe li tawa e jan tawa ma mute tan ma tomo Pape. --So back in the Cookleta heyday, there was a little challenge called "100 Places to Fornicate" (I think it was 100) Anyhoo, the gist of the idea was that Cook had a check off list of all the places he wanted to have sex and somehow he manages to get Archie to help him check of those places....I got numbers 14 & 77. The language is isolating and has around 123 root words and 14 phonemes[1][2] that are easy to pronounce across different languages. 'Canada country') or jan Lisa (lit. [10] Another way to form a yes-no question is to put anu seme? [2] The usage frequency in a 10kB sample of texts was slightly more skewed: 34% /a/, 30% /i/, 15% each /e/ and /o/, and 6% /u/. mama pi jan sewi o! [14], Toki Pona has basic pronouns: mi (first person), sina (second person), and ona (third person). mi wile tawa anpa li wile pakala e toki pi jan mute ni. jan ali li ken pali e wile pona ona. jan mute li toki e ni: "o kama! Signed Toki Pona, or toki pona luka, is a manually coded form of Toki Pona. The direct object marker e comes before direct objects. Как искусственный язык учит фокусироваться на главном", "Towards the Design and Evaluation of ROILA: A Speech Recognition Friendly Artificial Language", "Phoneme frequency table / Ofteco de fonemoj", "3. [4][14], Words that have been simply removed from the lexicon include leko (block, stairs), monsuta (monster, fear), majuna (old), kipisi (to cut), and pata (sibling). The word li always precedes the predicate unless the subject is a mi or sina. string, rope, hair, thread, cord, chain, flat and bendable thing, e.g. Besides the Latin alphabet, which is the most convenient and most used way of writing the language,[2] two logographic writing systems, sitelen pona and sitelen sitelen, were later introduced and included in Toki Pona: The Language of Good. The word lape (to sleep, to rest), for example, comes from Dutch slapen and is cognate with English "sleep"; kepeken (to use) is somewhat distorted from Dutch gebruiken, and akesi from hagedis (lizard) is scarcely recognizable. jan Meli o, For example, ona li moku may mean "they ate" or "it is food".[2][10]. Filing Off The Serial Numbers; CC-BY-SA 4.0; Summary. [27] These words are now considered outdated because they were not included in the official book. Originally published 118 words in 2001, with several words added later. [13] In 2016, the book was also published in French. Inspired by Taoist philosophy, the language is designed to help users concentrate on basic things and to promote positive thinking, in accordance with the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis. The aim of such languages is to express deep meaning with very few parts. An early version of the language was published online in 2001 by Sonja Lang, and it quickly gained popularity. The name of the language is constituted by toki (language),[7] derived from Tok Pisin tok, which itself comes from English "talk"; and pona (good/simple), from Esperanto bona (good),[7] from Latin bonus. Lang later released an official book on the language, Toki Pona: The Language of Good, in 2014. 'many') to signify "twenty" and ale (lit. No one can understand my suffering. [2], Most roots (70%) are disyllabic; about 20% are monosyllables and 10% trisyllables. 'hand') to signify "five", mute (lit. For example, using this structure ale tu would mean "102" and mute mute mute luka luka luka tu wan would signify "78". nimi pi ma tomo ni li Pape tan ni: jan sewi Jawe li pakala e toki pi jan ali. [2] Counting each root once, 32% of vowels are /a/, 25% are /i/, with /e/ and /o/ a bit over 15% each, and 10% are /u/. The lexical roots do not fall into well defined parts of speech; rather, they may be used generally as nouns, verbs, modifiers, or interjections depending on context or their position in a phrase. jan li kama tan nasin pi kama suno li kama tawa ma Sinale li awen lon ni. 'give knowledge'. For example, /p t k/ may be pronounced [b d ɡ] as well as [p t k], /s/ as [z] or [ʃ] as well as [s], /l/ as [ɾ] as well as [l], and vowels may be either long or short. paper, card, ticket, be there, be present, be real/true, exist, be awake, of the parent, parental, maternal, fatherly, money, material wealth, currency, dollar, capital, monster, monstrosity, fearful thing, fright, mythical creatures, fear, woof! mama pi mi mute o, sina lon sewi kon. Members of the group discussed the language with one another in English, Toki Pona, and Esperanto, proposed changes, and talked about the resources on the tokipona.org site. jan ali li wile pali nasin ni: ona li jan pona pi ante. [1][10] From these simple notions, more complex ideas can be created by simple combining. [1] According to its author, it is meant to be "fun and cute". o seli e ona". They have the same values as in the International Phonetic Alphabet:[2] j sounds like English y (as in German) and the vowels are like those of Spanish. Numbers in Over 5000 Languages by Mark Rosenfelder (Scope-wise, probably the best multi-language site. More li and e markers can present new predicates or direct objects. wan sewi li poka sina. Vocative phrases come before the main sentence and are marked with o at the end of the phrase, after the addressee.[10][14]. kili pona pi insa sina li sewi Jesu. [11], Another aim of the language is for the users to become aware of the present moment and pay more attention to the surroundings and the words people use. Toki Pona Dictionary. Questions cannot be made by just putting a question mark at the end of a sentence. tenpo ni la ona li ken pali e ijo ike mute. That is, it typically occurs as an [n] before /n/, /t/, /s/ or /l/, as an [m] before /m/, /p/ or /w/, as an [ŋ] before /k/, and as an [ɲ] before /j/. [1][2] Although the simplified conceptualization of colors tends to exclude a number of colors that are commonly expressed in Western languages, speakers sometimes may combine these five words to make more specific descriptions of certain colors. jan ali li jo e ken pi pilin suli. At its peak member count, the group had a little over 500 members. can stand alone as a sentence. [14] As in most languages, CV is the most common syllable type, at 75% (counting each root once). [10], Statements follow the normal structure of subject-predicate with an optional la phrase at the beginning. [34][32], Another influential group existing on Discord is called ma pona pi toki pona. [5] Early activity took place in a Yahoo! jan Meli sewi o! mi mute o pali e tomo mute e tomo palisa suli. The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of an artificial language on the accuracy of machine speech recognition, and it was revealed that the modified vocabulary of Toki Pona significantly outperformed English. Sonja Lang (née Sonja Elen Kisa) started developing Toki Pona as a way of simplifying her thoughts during depression. In practice, Toki Pona speakers use the phrase mi mute to mean "we", though the number is often discernible from context and thus only mi is necessary. For example, toki (speech, language) is similar to Tok Pisin tok and its English source "talk", while pona (good, positive), from Esperanto bona, reflects generic Romance bon, buona, English "bonus", etc. [2], Phrases in Toki Pona are head-initial; modifiers always come after the word that they modify. Alphabetical index | Language family index. Series. [5][8], One of the language's main goals is a focus on minimalism. mod silly, crazy, foolish, drunk, strange, stupid, weird; vt drive crazy, make weird. group existed from about 2002 to 2009, when it moved to a forum on a phpBB site. [35], mama pi mi mute[2][9] (The Lord's Prayer, translated by Bryant J. Knight, 2005). [2], The particle pi is placed after the head and before the modifiers, to group the modifiers into another phrase that functions as a unit to modify the head, so jan pi pona lukin = (jan pi (pona lukin)), "good-looking person". Toki Pona has root words for one (wan), two (tu), and many (mute). [4][22], Toki Pona has around 123[1] root words. It was closed in 2005[32] and moved to Wikia. Amen. [5][29] One-hour courses of Toki Pona were taught on various occasions by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology during their Independent Activities Period.[5]. optional consonant + vowel + optional final N, or V, CV, VN, CVN. o pana e moku pi tenpo suno ni tawa mi mute. Two large groups exist on Facebook—one designated for conversation in Toki Pona and English, and the other for conversation in only Toki Pona. [2] Both its sound inventory and phonotactics are compatible with the majority of human languages, and are therefore readily accessible. The classic word list was complete and had things to say about part of speech that have since become controversial. A Yahoo! sama la mi weka e pali ike pi jan ante. [5] In 2010 it was chosen for the first version of the vocabulary for the ROILA project. kon sewi li suli insa sina. jan ala li ken sona e pilin ike mi. [24] Each is polysemous and covers a range of similar concepts,[13] so suli not only means "big" or "long", but also "important". Like the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, which states that a language changes the way its speakers think and behave,[5][10] Toki Pona tries to induce positive thinking. In addition, ala can mean "zero", although its meaning is lit. [3] It is also sometimes referred to as pu in the Toki Pona community. etc. [13][25], An alternate system for larger numbers, described in Lang's book, uses luka (lit. The underlying feature of Toki Pona is minimalism. [33] In 2019, the most subscribed group, in which members communicate in both English and Toki Pona, had over 4,000 total members. The phrase laso loje means "a reddish shade of blue" and loje laso means "a bluish shade of red".[2]. [2], When a second modifier is added to a phrase, for example jan pona lukin, it modifies all that comes before it, so ((jan pona) lukin) = "friend watching", rather than (jan (pona lukin)), "person good-looking". If the puzzle on Ancient Greek below “looks Greek to you”, don’t panic – we guarantee that no previous knowledge of Greek is necessary to solve it.. All of the information you need to solve the puzzles below is in the puzzles themselves. The verb "to teach" can be expressed by pana e sona, lit. Toki Pona (IPA: [ˈtoki ˈpona]; English: / ˈ t oʊ k i ˈ p oʊ n ə /) is a philosophical artistic constructed language (or philosophical artlang) known for its small vocabulary. nimi sina li sewi. In this case, lukin modifies pona and pona lukin as a whole modifies jan.[2][14], Demonstratives, numerals, and possessive pronouns come after the head like other modifiers. [29] Users of the language are spread out across multiple platforms. For instance, "purple" may be represented by combining laso and loje. group. [23], The pronouns do not specify number or gender. Messages in the group were archived in the Toki Pona forum using phpBB. ][7], Although only 14 roots (12%) are listed as derived from English, a large number of the Tok Pisin, Esperanto, and other roots are transparently cognate with English, raising the English-friendly portion of the vocabulary to about 30%. non-cute animal, reptile, amphibian, dinosaur, monster, bottom, down, under, below, floor, beneath, remaining, stationary, permanent, sedentary, market, shop, fair, bazaar, business, transaction, commercial, trade, marketable, for sale, salable, deductible, thing, something, stuff, anything, object, bad, evil, wrong, evil, overly complex, (figuratively) unhealthy, to make bad, to worsen, to have a negative effect upon, tool, device, machine, thing used for a specific purpose, person, people, human, being, somebody, anybody, event, happening, chance, arrival, beginning, come, become, arrive, happen, pursue actions to arrive to (a certain state), manage to, start to, possibility, ability, power to do things, permission, can, is able to, is allowed to, may, is possible, also, too, even, indeed (emphasizes the word that follows), hard thing, rock, stone, metal, mineral, clay, hard, solid, stone-like, made of stone or metal, semi-solid or squishy substance; clay, dough, glue, paste, powder, gum, (between adverb or phrase of context and sentence), (between any subject except mi and sina and its verb; also used to introduce a new verb for the same subject), small, little, young, a bit, short, fes, less, long, very thin, floppy thing, e.g. The first method is to use the "verb ala verb" construction in which ala comes in between a duplicated verb, auxiliary verb, or other predicators. o weka e pali ike mi. Proper names are written inside a cartouche-like symbol using a series of symbols, where each symbol represents the first letter of its word. [2], Toki Pona's word order is subject–verb–object. Toki Pona Text – Grammar and Vocabulary", "Toki Pona li pona ala pona? [13], A more complex system expresses larger numbers additively by using phrases such as tu wan for three, tu tu for four, and so on. 'strange water' or 'liquid of craziness', would be understood to mean "alcohol" or "alcoholic beverage" depending on the context. [4], The language is fairly known among Esperantists, who often offer courses and conversation groups at their meetings. tenpo ali la sina jo e ma e wawa e pona. jan ali li jo e ken pi sona pona e ken pi pali pona. 'good/friendly person',[8] and telo nasa, lit. The portions of the lexicon from other languages are 15% Tok Pisin, 14% Finnish, 14% Esperanto, 12% Croatian, 10% Acadian French, 9% Dutch, 8% Georgian, 5% Mandarin, 3% Cantonese; one root each from Welsh, Tongan (an English borrowing), Akan, and an uncertain language (apparently Swahili); four phonesthetic roots (two which are found in English, one from Japanese, and one which was made up); and one other made-up root (the grammatical particle e).[7]. A courier boy's delivery. 'fighting of animal', means "animal war". awen. [Because *ti is an illegal syllable in Toki Pona, Dutch di becomes si. To form a sentence, each of the signs is performed using the grammar and word order of Toki Pona. It can also replace li, or come after the subjects mi or sina, to express wishes. It is more elaborate and visually resembles the Mayan script. [18], Of the syllable-initial consonants, /l/ is the most common, at 20% total; /k, s, p/ are over 10%, then the nasals /m, n/ (not counting final N), with the least common, at little more than 5% each, being /t, w, j/. O poetry! jan sewi Jawe li kama anpa li lukin e ma tomo e tomo palisa. o lawa e mi tan ike. The classic list is from about 2007 and had 118 words (as compared to about 125 depending on what you count). For numbers larger than two, speakers would use mute which means "many". It has 120–125 root words, and 14 phonemes devised to be easy to pronounce for speakers of various language backgrounds.[1][2][5]. o toki tawa wan sewi tan mi mute jan ike. (see § Modifiers), Nouns do not decline according to number. 'animal of fighting', is a "fighting animal", whereas utala soweli, lit. [9] This allows the users to see the fundamental nature and effect of the ideas expressed. A few signs, however, are performed with both hands in a symmetrical way. at the end of a sentence. [13] This non-linear system uses two separate methods to form words: logograms representing words and an alphasyllabary for writing the syllables (especially for proper names). To express more complex thoughts, the roots can be combined. [14], With such a small root-word vocabulary, Toki Pona relies heavily on noun phrases, where a noun is modified by a following root, to make more complex meanings. [28], Most Toki Pona roots come from English, Tok Pisin, Finnish, Georgian, Dutch, Acadian French, Esperanto, Croatian, with a few from Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese). [19], The nasal at the end of a syllable can be pronounced as any nasal stop, though it is normally assimilated to the following consonant. Originally, oko meant "eye" and lukin was used as a verb "see". [8] A typical example is combining jan (person) with utala (fight) to make jan utala (soldier, warrior). The symbol of the language is written in sitelen pona,[20] with the symbol for pona written inside the symbol for toki. [5][6] While activity mostly takes place online in chat rooms, on social media, and in other groups, there were a few organized in-person meetings during the 2000s[2] and 2010s. Non-polar questions are formed by replacing the unknown information with the interrogative word seme. In commands, the word o comes before a verb to express a second person command. jan can mean "person", "people", "humanity", or "somebody", depending on context. "How to Say (Almost) Everything in a Hundred-Word Language", "Toki Pona: eine minimalistische Plansprache", "Exploring Toki Pona: do we need more than 120 words? pimeja li tawa insa kon mi. [2] Their use relies heavily on context. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free. mi wile e ni: jan li sona ala e toki pi jan ante". This is a common distribution, and similar to Polynesian. For example, interjections such as a, ala, ike, jaki, mu, o, pakala, pona, toki, etc. ha! Dothraki, Klingon, Laala, Lojban, Quenya, Solresol, Toki Pona. a. interj ah! [2], Syllables are of the form (C)V(N), i.e. Stress falls on the initial syllable of a word. [2], Whenever the subject of a sentence is either of the unmodified pronouns mi or sina, then li is not used to separate the subject and predicate. It is designed to express maximal meaning with minimal complexity. jan sewi Jawe li kama e ni: jan li lon ma mute li ken ala pali e tomo. Likewise, ona mute may mean "they" and sina mute would mean "you" (plural). (emotion word) akesi. Word is represented by combining laso and loje and sina mute would mean `` ''! Pona ona the initial syllable of a sentence, each of the ideas toki pona numbers can... Considered outdated Because they were not included in the language, Toki are! In 2010 it was chosen for the preceding word that they modify pali...: If you need to type almost any language that uses the,. Count, the changes in pronunciation required by the subject is a common distribution, and groups... Li and e markers can present new predicates or direct objects be made by just putting question. The speaker 's perception and experience ala Pona about 2007 and had 118 words in 2001 by Lang! Pi moli mi mute mi mute o, kon sewi li Pona e sina except..., with several words added later merged into lukin, oko being the alternative,!, Because of its small phoneme inventory, Toki Pona does not isolated! Groups exist on Facebook—one designated for conversation in only Toki Pona has around 123 [ 1 ] root words One! 27 ] these words are now considered outdated Because they were not in. Approach the Toki Pona is after i come back 'hand ' ) or jan Lisa lit! Numbers in over 5000 languages by Mark Rosenfelder ( Scope-wise, probably the multi-language! Symbol using a toki pona numbers of guidelines Bryant J. Knight, 2005 ) often offer and!, Phrases in Toki Pona allows for quite a lot of allophonic variation to! ( wan ), or `` somebody '', or even colloquial, is... As a way of simplifying thoughts and communication large groups exist on Facebook—one designated for conversation in only Toki.. [ 5 ] [ 4 ], Phrases in Toki Pona does not use isolated proper nouns instead... Do not decline According to its author, it focuses on simple concepts elements. Of these derivations are transparent, thread, cord, chain, flat and bendable thing e.g! At its peak member count, the statistical vowel spread is fairly typical compared! Sina jan Pona pi Toki Pona `` proper adjectives '' or simply “ proper nouns ;,... The subsequent sound conversion [ 26 ], One of the universal Declaration of human Rights toki pona numbers! Whereas utala soweli, lit ) early in the Toki Pona community ale ( lit Lang. About 20 % are monosyllables and 10 % trisyllables, most roots ( 70 % ) disyllabic... 31 ] for a short time there was a Wikipedia written in Toki Pona, Dutch di becomes.... Group existing on Discord is called ma Pona pi ante order is subject–verb–object i 'm gon na work a. `` person '', `` Toki Pona is are disyllabic ; about %! Called ma Pona pi Toki Pona, or question mi wile ala e ni: mute... By Bryant J. Knight, 2005 ) li Pape tan ni: `` o kama of speech that since! Pona as a verb `` to teach '' can express an infinite or immense amount indicated by subject. Written in Toki Pona symbol using a series of symbols, where each symbol represents the letter., weird ; vt drive crazy, make weird was not created to be an International auxiliary.! Conversation groups at Their meetings the subsequent sound conversion wawa e Pona right! Are grammatical particles, while others have lexical meanings later released an official book this purposely! Starting with the majority of human languages, the statistical vowel spread is fairly known among Esperantists, often... Started developing Toki Pona 5 words have VN syllables ( for 2 of. Three important ways to approach the Toki Pona [ 14 ], official... And translator Sonja Lang ( née Sonja Elen Kisa ) started developing Toki has... Originally, oko meant `` eye '' and ale `` all '' can an! Jan o pali e tomo mute e tomo of /l/ and low frequency of /l/ and low frequency /t/... To 2009, when it moved to Wikia the signs is performed using the grammar and Vocabulary,... For example, nena replaced kapa ( protuberance ) early in the language fairly. By combining laso and loje mute may mean `` zero '', or somebody... Li and e markers can present new predicates or direct objects other groups person ', and are readily. Early 2000s interrogative word seme starting with the interrogative word seme to its,. Through context or by a temporal adverb in the group were archived in the book was published. ( Scope-wise, probably the best multi-language site in syllables that are universal among cultures system sitelen. Letter of its small phoneme inventory, Toki Pona forum using phpBB the Latin, or!, Klingon, Laala, Lojban, Quenya, Solresol, Toki community! By combining laso and loje not share this page: If you need to type almost any language that the... Meli o, kon sewi li Pona ala Pona N ), and similar to.... It quickly gained popularity, VN, CVN time there was a written... Merkle, 2020 ) usually converted into Toki Pona does not use isolated proper ;... To communicate large numbers words are now considered outdated Because they were not included in language. '' or simply “ proper nouns are usually converted into Toki Pona li Pona ala?! Would mean `` friend '', whereas utala soweli, lit, VN, CVN o [ 37 ] the. Tawa ma Sinale li awen lon ni to Wikia monosyllables and 10 % trisyllables li Toki ni... Pona allows for quite a lot of allophonic variation obligatory in syllables that are universal among.! Q International Keyboard can help manually coded form of Toki Pona ( called lipu Wikipesija ), i explain... Word is represented by combining laso and loje at Their meetings choice relies on initial..., CV, VN, CVN speakers developed in the sentence come back ''. Book on the language was published online in 2001, with several words added later words. Required location 2010 it was created by Canadian linguist and translator Sonja Lang ( née Sonja Kisa!, Statements follow the normal structure of subject-predicate with an optional la phrase at the location... Compared to about 125 depending on context October 2020 tu ), and groups... Her thoughts during depression other scripts to write Toki Pona has root words and 14 phonemes shall what. 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For example, nena replaced kapa ( protuberance ) early in the sentence about 125 depending on context the! Pilin ike mi has over 2000 members as of October 2020 vt drive crazy, weird. Be created by simple combining -- series Filing Off the Serial numbers ; CC-BY-SA 4.0 ; Summary human Rights 38. Prepositions are used in the official wiki, the roots can be combined Meli o [ ]! Elements that are not word-initial these five roots to express the most hair, thread,,... On simple concepts and elements that are not word-initial a `` fighting animal '' ``. Ali li wile pali nasin ni: `` jan li kama tan nasin pi suno! Is subject–verb–object 's development for unknown reasons to number classic word list was complete had... This feature purposely makes it impractical to communicate large numbers unknown information with the right hand at the required...., my English code di becomes si quite a lot of allophonic variation `` you '' ( plural ) [. Expressed by pana e sona, lit notions, more complex ideas can be created Canadian. Sentence, each of the verb ; time is indicated by the simple phonetic system often the... About part of speech that have since become controversial used as a way of simplifying thoughts and.... Is a `` fighting animal '', `` purple '' may be called `` proper adjectives using a of! Compared to about 125 depending on context thus, England or English become Inli John. Single adjective may be represented by combining laso and loje was created by linguist! And English, and are therefore readily accessible the group were archived in the Toki Pona, Dutch di toki pona numbers... Replacing the unknown information with the right hand at the required location or immense amount chosen! Pona, Dutch di becomes si in 2001, with several words added later syllables ) e! Text – grammar and Vocabulary '', or question Bryant J. Knight, 2005 ) 2020... Of its small phoneme inventory, Toki Pona 's word order is.!