Although they acted alone, the government responded with collective punishment, killing many Bábís. In the 2000 Millennium Forum of the United Nations a Baháʼí was invited as the only non-governmental speaker during the summit. Buddhist The Buddhist Calendars are a set of lunisolar calendar conversion convert. [178], This article is about the global religious community. According to some estimates, the largest Baháʼí community in the world is in India, with 2.2 million Baháʼís, next is Iran, with 350,000, the US, with 150,000, and Brazil, with 60,000. [69] The main written works translated into English of the Báb's are collected in Selections from the Writings of the Báb out of the estimated 135 works.[70]. [27] The existence of God and the universe is thought to be eternal, without a beginning or end. Religions calendar for 2019. According to a US panel, attacks on Baháʼís in Iran increased under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's presidency. [166], The Iranian government claims that the Baháʼí Faith is not a religion, but is instead a political organization, and hence refuses to recognize it as a minority religion. All Baháʼí community properties, including Baháʼí centers, libraries, and cemeteries, have been confiscated by the government and fatwas have been issued charging Baháʼís with apostasy. An 2020 interfaith calendar can be found here. [25] Baha'is believe that God periodically reveals his will through divine messengers, whose purpose is to transform the character of humankind and to develop, within those who respond, moral and spiritual qualities. * Holy days usually begin at sundown the day before this date. Although the Baháʼí teachings have a strong emphasis on social and ethical issues, a number of foundational texts have been described as mystical. Some measure of divine guidance is assumed for all of these texts. The Báb himself was imprisoned and eventually executed in 1850. Baháʼu'lláh first announces his claim to divine revelation in Baghdad, Iraq. [158] Further sessions were held on 7 February 2010,[159] 12 April 2010[160] and 12 June 2010. According to Baháʼí belief when a human dies the soul is permanently separated from the body and carries on in the next world where it is judged based on the person's actions in the physical world. [114], While some of the laws from the Kitáb-i-Aqdas are applicable at the present time, others are dependent upon the existence of a predominantly Baháʼí society, such as the punishments for arson or murder. The Lesser Covenant is viewed as an agreement between a Messenger of God and his followers and includes social practices and the continuation of authority in the religion. Holy days 2020 2021; Naw-Rúz The Bahá’í New Year: 20 March: 20 March: First Day of Ridván (meaning “Paradise” in Arabic) — the most important of the Bahá’í holy days. Baháʼís regard the major religions as fundamentally unified in purpose, though varied in social practices and interpretations. This major religious holidays calendar and list of world religious festivals is compiled from a list of all events – as well as inclusion tips, diet restrictions and more – you’ll find in our interactive Electronic Diversity Calendar. The Badíʻ calendar used in the Baháʼí Faith is a solar calendar consisting of 19 months and 4-5 Intercalary Days, with new year at the northern spring equinox.Each month is named after virtues (e.g. [61] The Seven Valleys was written to a follower of Sufism, in the style of ʻAttar, the Persian Muslim poet,[62] and sets forth the stages of the soul's journey towards God. That means 361 days every year have very specific, arithmetically predictable dates. [b] Established by Baháʼu'lláh in the 19th century, it initially developed in Persia and parts of the Middle East, where it has faced ongoing persecution since its inception. PDF calendar generation is now significantly faster. A Brief Introduction to the Baha'i Faith Junior Youth groups. [70] Among the more well known are The Secret of Divine Civilization, the Tablet to Auguste-Henri Forel, and Some Answered Questions. National Baha'i Council of France and the EU. [28], Each of the 19 months is given a name which is an attribute of God; some examples include Baháʼ (Splendour), ʻIlm (Knowledge), and Jamál (Beauty). [96] The World Christian Encyclopedia estimated 7.1 million Baháʼís in the world in 2000, representing 218 countries,[97] and 7.3 million in 2010[98] with the same source. It is a solar calendar consisting of 19 months of 19 days each (361 days), plus “Intercalary Days” (four in ordinary years and five in leap years) to adjust the calendar to the solar year. Baháʼís do not expect a new manifestation of God to appear within 1000 years of Baháʼu'lláh's revelation. [45][46] The list is not authoritative and a variety of such lists circulate. The Special Rapporteur is concerned that this latest development indicates that the situation with regard to religious minorities in Iran is, in fact, deteriorating. [117] Baháʼu'lláh highly praised marriage, discouraged divorce, and required chastity outside of marriage; Baháʼu'lláh taught that a husband and wife should strive to improve the spiritual life of each other. Royal Ridge Apartments To confirm … It was first translated into English in 1906, becoming one of the earliest available books of Baháʼu'lláh to the West. 2019 Note: 1. The Bahá’í community of the United Kingdom comprises over 7000 Bahá’ís who, with a few thousand friends and neighbours, are working together to contribute to the … From a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi to an individual believer dated 9 June 1932, Stockman, R. H. (2012). Baháʼís annually elect local, regional, and national Spiritual Assemblies that govern the religion's affairs. Kull-i-Sh ay' (1-361 B.E.). Due to COVID-19, no public events are currently scheduled. The Baha'i temple in New Delhi, India. According to Britannica, the Baháʼí Faith (as of 2010) is established in 221 countries and territories and has an estimated seven million adherents worldwide. Currently, no country has a Baháʼí majority.[110]. Advent is celebrated as the beginning of the Christian religious calendar in preparation for the nativity of Jesus. [80] In 1953, he launched the first international plan, the Ten Year World Crusade. Home; The Baha'i Faith; Communities; Calendar; Links; ... A Brief Introduction to the Baha'i Faith . The Hidden Words is another book written by Baháʼu'lláh during the same period, containing 153 short passages in which Baháʼu'lláh claims to have taken the basic essence of certain spiritual truths and written them in brief form. Letters written by Baháʼu'lláh to various people, including some heads of state, have been collected and assembled into a canon of Baháʼí scripture. [31], Baháʼí notions of progressive religious revelation result in their accepting the validity of the well known religions of the world, whose founders and central figures are seen as Manifestations of God. Instead, you are invited to our on-line meetings: All start times are EST. It contains selected works of Bahá’u’lláh, the Báb, ‘Abdu’l‑Bahá, Shoghi Effendi, and the Universal House of Justice, as well as other Bahá’í texts. The Bahá'í calendar, named the Badí‘ calendar (badí‘ means wondrous or unique), is a solar calendar used by Bábism and the Bahá'í Faith.. Easy Awareness & Inclusion: 365, 02/01 – Pagan and Wiccan: Imbolc begins at sundown, celebration of fire and light and the return of life, 02/02 – Christian: Candlemas – the blessing of the church’s supply of candles for the year, 02/10  – Jewish: Tu Bishvat begins at sundown – a minor holiday, New Year of the Trees is widely celebrated to renew the land and plant trees, 02/15 – Buddhist: Parinirvana or Nirvana Day – in Mahãyãna Buddhism, marks Buddha’s death in 483 BCE and attainment of final nirvana, 02/21 – Hindu: Maha Shivaratri (Shiva’s Night) – honors Shiva, one of the most important Hindu deities, 02/25 – Baha’i: Festival of Ayyam-i-Ha (2/25-2/29) – gifts, charity and preparation for fasting preceding the New Year, 02/26 – Christian: Ash Wednesday – marks the beginning of Lent, 40 days of prayer and fasting before Easter Sunday, 03/09 – Jewish: Purim (Feast of Lots) – begins at sundown, celebrates the rescue of ancient Persian Jews from a plot to destroy them, 03/10 – Hindu: Holi – festival of colors, marking the coming of spring in India and new harvest of winter crop, 03/10 – Sikh: Hola Mohalla – three-day Sikh festival celebrated in Punjab, 03/19 – Pagan and Wiccan: Ostara – begins at sundown, sabbat observed on the vernal equinox, 03/19 – Roman Catholic: Feast of St Joseph – honors St Joseph, the husband of Mary, 03/20 – Baha’i: Naw Ruz (New Year) begins at sundown – marks the end of the Baha’i Fast and beginning of new year, 03/22 – Islamic: Lailat al Miraj begins at sundown – the Night of the Ascension commemorates the journey of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Jerusalem, where he ascended to heaven, 03/20 – Zoroastrian: Naw Ruz (New Year) – celebrated at the vernal equinox, 03/25 – Christian: The Annunciation – honors the Angel Gabriel’s announcement to Mary of Galilee that she would become the mother of Jesus, Find out about more diversity celebrations, with our March 2020 Diversity Calendar, 04/06 – Jain: Mahavir Jayanti – most important holiday in Jainism, celebrated with prayer and visits to shrines, 04/09 – Jewish: Passover – begins at sundown, observed for eight days and celebrates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, 04/12 – Christian: Easter – celebrates the resurrection of Jesus after he was crucified and died in Jerusalem, 04/19 – Roman Catholic: Feast of Divine Mercy – on this Sunday, all those who go to Confession and receive Holy Communion will be forgiven of sins and receive divine grace, 04/19 – Coptic Orthodox Christian: Ascension Day – Coptic Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox Christians mark the anniversary of Jesus rising to heaven, 04/24 – Islamic: Ramadan (4/24-5/23) – begins at sighting of crescent moon, the first day of Ramadan, a month of fasting and the holiest time of the Muslim year, 04/30 – Pagan and Wiccan: Beltaine begins at sundown – the second most important Sabbat, marking the beginning of summer and celebrating life and fertility, For more diversity events, see our April 2020 Diversity Calendar, 05/07 – Buddhist: Vesak – also called Buddha Day, commemorates the birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha, 05/21 – Christian: Ascension Day – marks the anniversary of the day Jesus rose to heaven, 05/23 – Baha’i: Declaration of the Bab – commemorates the Bab’s prediction of the new messenger of God, 05/23 – Islamic: Eid al-Fitr – begins at sighting of crescent moon, the Feast of Breaking the Fast marking the end of Ramadan, 05/29 – Jewish: Shavuot – begins at sundown, festival of first fruits, following the key harvest season, To find out about more inclusion opportunities, enjoy our May 2020 Diversity Calendar, 06/07 – Christian: Trinity Sunday – celebrates the Christian doctrine of the Trinity: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, 06/11 – Roman Catholic: Feast of Corpus Christi – Latin for ‘Body of Christ’, this movable Christian feast commemorates the Holy Eucharist, 06/14 – Baha’i: Race Unity Day – celebrated worldwide to promote racial harmony and understanding, 06/14 – Eastern Orthodox Christian: All Saints Day – marks the close of the Easter season, 06/16 – Sikh: Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Sahib, 06/19 – Roman Catholic: Feast of the Sacred Heart – one of the most popular of all devotions in the Roman Catholic Church, 06/20 – Pagan and Wiccan: Litha (Summer Solstice) begins at sundown – sabbat observed on the summer solstice, For more information, see our June 2020 Diversity Calendar, 07/10 – Baha’i: Martyrdom of the Bab – commemorates the arrest, torture, imprisonment and execution of the Bab, 07/23 – Rastafarian: Birthday of Haile Selassie – one of the holiest Rastafarians holidays, it celebrates Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, believed to be the incarnation of God, 07/24 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints: Pioneer Day – commemorates Brigham Young leading believers to the Great Salt Lake, where they would establish their church and Salt Lake City, 07/28 – Islamic: The Hajj (7/29-8/2) – begins at sundown, an annual pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia; all able Muslims must make the pilgrimage at least once, 07/29 – Jewish: Tisha B’Av begins at sundown – marks the destruction of the Jewish temple in Jerusalem in 586 BCE and again in 70 CE, 07/30 – Islamic: Eid al-Adha – three-day festival ending the Hajj pilgrimage, Get more diversity events, with our July 2020 Diversity Calendar, 08/01 – Pagan and Wiccan: Lughnasadh – also known as the festival of the first fruits, it’s the first of three harvest sabbats, celebrating the ripening of grains and corn, 08/15 – Roman Catholic: Feast of the Assumption – honors the belief by Roman Catholics in Mary’s assumption to heaven, 08/19 – Islamic: Islamic New Year – beginning  at the sighting of crescent moon, it’s also known as the Hijri or Arabic New Year, 08/16 – Jain: Paryushana – also know as the Festival of Forgiveness, it’s the most important Jain religious observance, Discover more diversity holidays, with our August 2020 Diversity Calendar, 09/01 – Hindu: Pitru Paksha begins – 16 days when Hindus pay homage to their ancestors, especially through food offerings, 09/11 – Coptic Orthodox Christian: Nayrouz (Coptic New Year) – begins the new year for the Coptic Orthodox Church of Egypt, 09/18 – Jewish: Rosh Hashanah begins at sundown – begins the Jewish New Year and the Days of Awe, a period of reflection on the past year and the year to come, 09/21 – Pagan and Wiccan: Mabon (Autumnal Equinox) begins at sundown – Sabbat observed on the autumnal equinox, 09/28 – Jewish: Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) – ends the Days of Awe or Days of Repentance, 10 days during which Jews reflect on their sins and seek forgiveness, Discover more diversity events with our September 2020 Diversity Calendar, 10/02 – Jewish: Sukkot (10/3-10/9) begins at sundown, celebrating the end of the holiday season that began with Rosh Hashanah, 10/07 – Islamic: Arbaeen begins at sundown – marks the end of the 40-day mourning period following Ashura, the anniversary of the martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali, grandson of Islam’s prophet Muhammad, 10/17 – Hindu: Navratri begins – one of the greatest Hindu festivals, honoring the Goddess Durga, 10/19 – Baha’i: Birthday of the Bab – marks the birthday of the Bab (1819-1850), who is honored by the Baha’is as the one who announced God’s messenger would soon appear, 10/25 – Hindu: Dussehra –  meaning ‘the tenth day,’ it’s celebrated at the culmination of the ‘nine nights’ festival of Asuj Navratras, 10/28 – Islamic: Mawlid (Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday) begins at sundown, marks the birth of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, 10/31 – Pagan and Wiccan: Samhain – the most important sabbat, it marks the end of the year’s final harvest, a time to remember the dead and celebrate the cycle of life, Unlock more diversity events with our October 2020 Diversity Calendar, 11/01 – Christian: All Saints Day – Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos) celebrates the memory of the Christian saints and martyrs, and deceased family members, 11/02 – Rastafarian: Anniversary of the Crowning of Haile Selassie – commemorates the coronation of Ras (Prince) Tafari Makonnen as Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia, 11/12 – Baha’i: Birthday of Baha’u’llah – marks the birthday of Baha’u’llah (1817-1892), prophet-founder of the Baha’i faith, 11/14 – Hindu: Diwali – one of the most important Hindu festivals, combines a number of festivals to honor different gods and goddesses, 11/15 – Jain: New Year – also known as Veer Samvat, a joyful celebration the day following the Diwali festival, 11/30 – Roman Catholic: St Andrew’s Day – feast honoring the patron saint of Scotland, Greece, Russia, Ukraine, Barbados, and Romania, 11/30 – Sikh: Guru Nanak Ji’s Birthday – celebrates the birth of the founder of Sikhism, Find out more diversity holidays with our November 2020 Diversity Calendar, 12/08 – Roman Catholic: Feast of the Immaculate Conception – celebrates the Roman Catholic belief that Mary, the mother of Jesus, conceived without original sin, 12/08 – Buddhist: Bodhi Day (Buddha’s Enlightenment) – Mahãyãna Buddhists celebrate Buddha’s attainment of understanding, 12/10 – Jewish: Hanukkah (12/11-12/18) begins at sundown – commemorates the Jewish victory over the Syrian Greeks, ending a three-year period of religious persecution, 12/20 – Pagan and Wiccan: Yule begins at sundown – sabbat celebrated on the winter solstice, often observed as the rebirth of the great horned hunter god and the newborn solstice sun, 12/25 – Christian: Christmas – celebrates the birth of Jesus, a public holiday in many countries worldwide, 12/26 – Roman Catholic: St Stephen’s Day – public holiday, For more diversity events, see our December 2020 Diversity Calendar. 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